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Deploy Shifu on KubeEdge

· 4 min read

The popular open source project KubeEdge provides developers with a cloud-edge collaboration solution based on Kubernetes. It successfully integrates the cluster orchestration capabilities of Kubernetes into the IoT edge scenario, making the scheduling and management of edge computing power lighter and more efficient.

As an open source IoT development framework, Shifu is also based on Kubernetes, its compatibility with multiple devices and virtualization will help KubeEdge to be applied at the edge. In fact, the two complement each other very well in terms of capabilities. Not only compatible to multiple devices, Shifu running on KubeEdge can easily manage lightweight Pod running on the edge.

With the powerful combination of KubeEdge + Shifu, we can abstract IoT devices into API and turn the traditional complex IoT development model into a simple web development model!

Let's see how to make Shifu run on KubeEdge and provide value for developers!


This article will briefly describe the steps to deploy Shifu on KubeEdge and integrate into Hikvision camera (using RTSP for video streaming), so that KubeEdge architecture can support Hikvision camera.

The architecture used in this article is as follows.


The following services and tools are used in this article.

  1. Kubernetes: 1.21.5
    • kubectl
    • kubeadm
    • kubelet
  2. Golang: 1.16.10
  3. Docker: 19.03.9
  4. KubeEdge: 1.7.2

Meanwhile, the Cloud side and Edge side of KubeEdge are running on separate Linux instances, but both on Ubuntu Server 20.04 environment.

You need to install all the above mentioned services and tools on the Cloud side , but only Docker and KubeEdge on the Edge side.

Step 1 Deploy Kubernetes on the Cloud side

You can check official tutorial on Kubernetes to finish the deployment.

After the deployment is complete we should see the terminal print out the following message.

Step 2 Deploy Shifu on Cloud side

Clone the Github repository of Shifu to your computer.

git clone

Then you can deploy Shifu with the following command:

kubectl apply -f shifu/pkg/k8s/crd/install/shifu_install.yml

Once deployed we should see that the CRD controller for Shifu has been deployed.

Step 3 Deploy KubeEdge on Cloud side

For this step, you can refer to KubeEdge's official tutorial and use keadm for deployment.

After the deployment, we should see the following message printed on the terminal.

Step 4 Get the token on the Cloud side

Run the following command.

keadm gettoken

Please save the token you got for the Edge side.

Now that the Cloud side configuration is completed, we switch to the Edge side machine and add it to the cluster.

Step 5 Join the cluster on the Edge side

Run the following command on the Edge side.

keadm join --cloudcore-ipport="<Cloud-side advertise-address>:10000" --token=<token obtained in step 4>

After the deployment is complete we should see the terminal print out the following message.

At this point switch back to the Cloud side and look at the nodes.

We can see that both the Cloud side and the Edge side have been deployed.

Now we can start deploying the device.

With KubeEdge, we can perform Kubernetes operations only on the Cloud side and deploy it to the Edge side, while keeping the Edge side free of Kubernetes components to keep lightweight.

Step 6 Modify the Hikvision camera configuration file on the Cloud side

Shifu needs a simple configuration file to generate digital twin. In Shifu, the digital twin is called deviceShifu and runs in a cluster as Pod.

Shifu provides configuration file to access to Hikvision cameras, here's the path

Shifu deploys deviceShifu on a machine with a full Kubernetes instance by default. In a KubeEdge environment, there is no need to run full Kubernetes on the edge, so Shifu also has a lightweight deviceShifu for cloud-edge collaboration. We can change deviceshifu-camera-deployment.yaml to use the edge-side deviceShifu and add nodeName to deploy it to the edge node:

Step 7 Deploy the Hikvision Camera Pod

On the Cloud side, run the following command.

kubectl apply -f shifu/examples/rtspDeviceShifu/camera-deployment

At this point, we can look at the Pod associated with the camera.

Final step Confirmation on the Edge side

On the Edge side, we can see that the camera-related Docker container is already running:

We can simply call the capture/stream/info/move and a host of other HTTP APIs provided by deviceShifu to perform operations on the camera, such as the following motion picture.

Related commands.

curl edgedevice-camera/move

This completes all the steps we need to run Shifu on KubeEdge.